The Public Health Agency of Canada developed and funded the 2009 Sleep Apnea Rapid Response Questionnaire to estimate, for the first time, the prevalence of sleep apnea in the Canadian population. The survey, conducted by Statistics Canada as part of the Canadian Community Health Survey, interviewed a nationally representative sample of 9,523 Canadians ages 12 years and older. This fact sheet focuses on sleep apnea in adults ages 18 years and older; and, the number of adult survey respondents (n=8647) was weighted to ensure that estimates would be representative of the adult Canadian population. An estimated 858,900 Canadian adults 18 years and older reported being told by a health professional that they have sleep apnea. • The prevalence of self-reported sleep apnea was 3% among adults ages 18 years and older; this rose to 5% in individuals 45 years and older. • Three out of four Canadians reporting sleep apnea (75%) were 45 years and older. • The prevalence of self-reported sleep apnea in adult men was nearly double that in adult women. • 25% of adults reporting sleep apnea rated their general health as fair or poor compared to 11% in the general population.
In addition to the people who reported being diagnosed with sleep apnea, over one in four adults reported symptoms and risk factors that are associated with a high risk of having or developing obstructive sleep apneaa , the most common form of sleep apnea. • Over one in four Canadian adults (26%) was at high risk for having obstructive sleep apnea.